The Aborigines Progressive Association was, like the Australian Aborigines’ League, an Aboriginal organisation. It was founded in Dubbo, New South Wales, in June 1937.

It had much the same aims at the League, but its secretary, William Ferguson, took issue with Cooper’s call for Aboriginal representation in parliament.

The Association and the League joined forces in staging the Day of Mourning protest in January 1938.

By mid-1938 the Association split into two bodies bearing the same name, Its two principal figures — Ferguson and Jack Patten — fell out as they disagreed over the best political means to use and the most suitable white allies to work with.

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